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Projects of the TBINDC Registry by Keyword
7 projects available at this time for measurement
Efficacy of Individual Versus Individual and Group Outpatient Therapies
Abstract: This study investigated the efficacy of a post-acute TBI rehabilitation program that included a community group component. Using a pseudo-randomization process, 30 subjects participated in individual SLP therapy or individual SLP and community group therapies and were followed for one year post-discharge. Data analysis revealed the following: 1. No statistically significant cognitive-linguistic differences between groups pre-intervention; 2. No statistically significant differences in test performance pre-intervention; 3. Subjects who received individual and group interventions had significantly better cognitive-linguistic test performance on Woodcock-Johnson Analysis-Synthesis 12 months post--intervention; 4. Satisfaction was... more
Investigators: O'Neil-Pirozzi T, Drane-Fleming K, Sanders R view full
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Lead Center: Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
Efficacy of Individual Versus Individual and Group Outpatient Therapies
Abstract: This study investigated the efficacy of a post-acute TBI rehabilitation program that included a community group component. Using a pseudo-randomization process, 30 subjects participated in individual SLP therapy or individual SLP and community group therapies and were followed for one year post-discharge. Data analysis revealed the following: 1. No statistically significant cognitive-linguistic differences between groups pre-intervention; 2. No statistically significant differences in test performance pre-intervention; 3. Subjects who received individual and group interventions had significantly better cognitive-linguistic test performance on Woodcock-Johnson Analysis-Synthesis 12 months post--intervention; 4. Satisfaction was... more
Investigators: O'Neil-Pirozzi T, Drane-Fleming K, Sanders R view full
details
Lead Center: Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
Pre-injury crime, substance abuse, and neurobehavioral functioning after traumatic brain injury
Abstract: There is limited information regarding the effects of preinjury history of arrest or history of substance use on neurobehavioral functioning after brain injury. The current study included 211 patients with traumatic brain injury, who were seen for a follow-up neuropsychological evaluation in an outpatient setting. An effort was made to distinguish between (1) patients with a history of preinjury arrests and patients without a preinjury history of arrests, (2) patients classified as substance abusers and non-abusers and (3) patients with and without a history of preinjury illicit drug use on the basis of demographic characteristics, injury characteristics, and neurobehavioral functioning. Results indicate significant differences between... more
Investigators: Kreutzer J, Kolakowsky-Hayner S view full
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Lead Center: Virginia Commonwealth University/Medical College of Virginia
Insurance Benefits as an Outcome Predictor in TBI Rehabilitation
Abstract: Although many outcome predictors have been studied, one that has not received sufficient attention is the level of insurance benefits or financial resources available to a patient. A burgeoning literature, however, attests to how services are influenced by the presence of absence of reimbursement. This influence has been documented in spinal cord injury. The current study extends this line of investigation to outcome from brain injury... more
Investigators: Stringer A, , Phillips V view full
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Lead Center: Emory University/Shepherd Center
The Efficacy and Utility of a Community Transition Coordinator in Improving Community Integration, Quality of Life, and Return to Work: A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial.
Abstract: Survivors of TBI and their families are confronted with many new challenges. After being guided through many sudden life changes by trained professionals during inpatient rehabilitation, the transition to the community inevitably poses numerous obstacles that must often be faced with minimal outside assistance. This study investigates the utility of a community transition coordinator (CTC) assigned to adults with TBI in a randomized, controlled trial with the goal of developing a replicable model of community reintegration that provides linkages to services after discharge from comprehensive acute rehabilitation inpatient services. The comparison group receives standard post-rehabilitation services without a CTC.... more
Investigators: Hammond F, Coghill J, Norton H view full
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Lead Center: Carolinas Rehabilitation
Improving vocational and financial outcomes
Abstract: Individuals with TBI often have significant difficulties returning to work because of the physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral impairments they face. Assisting individuals with TBI in their return to work can improve their financial status, self-esteem, and general functioning. This project attempts to identify those factors that are most predictive of vocational and financial outcomes for individuals with TBI. Every person with a TBI who receives a neuropsychological evaluation for the Missouri Division of Vocational Rehabilitation (DVR) will be followed to determine what is most helpful to them in returning to work. Particular questions of interest will be determining what are the best predictors of outcome (e.g., gender, age,... more
Investigators: Johnstone B, Bounds T, Harper J view full
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Lead Center: University of Missouri
The Structure of functional and community outcomes following TBI
Abstract: Objectives: To identify the dimensionality of outcomes following serious TBI. To determine whether outcomes are highly multidimensional, or not. To determine which items fit which dimension, what items are redundant, and what items do not “fit”. To determine whether there are anomalous cases of TBI whose outcome cannot be measured using usual methods.

Design: One year follow up data from the National TBI Model Systems database were analyzed. We selected all items indicative of global outcomes, social activities, disability, and handicap or community participation (excluding items indicating highly specific neuropsychological or medical impairment). Data were analyzed using Rasch analysis (WinSteps), an advanced form of... more
Investigators: Johnston M, Shawaryn M, Malec J, Hammond F, Kreutzer J view full
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Lead Center: Kessler Medical Rehabilitation Research and Education Corporation


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National Traumatic Brain Injury Live Syllabus v2.00.00
Registry Dataset accessed Monday, September 25, 2006 11:06am
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