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Bladder and Bowel Incontinence after Traumatic Brain Injury: Risk Factors, Prevalence, and Outcome

Abstract:
A multicenter study was conducted, reviewing the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of patients with bladder (BdI) and bowel (Bol) incontinence after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Subjects were 587 patients for whom follow-up data at one-year postinjury were available. 77% of patients were incontinent at rehabilitation admission (Bdl 77.3%, Bol 76.7%). The prevalence of incontinence improves to approximately 20% (Bdl 20.3%, Bol 19.2%) by rehabilitation discharge, and 7% (Bdl 7.8%, Bol 6.3%) by one year post-injury. Continent patients were significantly more likely to be living at home at rehabilitation discharge (OR=3.2; [1.8, 5.3]) and at one year post-injury (OR=7.7; [3.9, 15.3])

Registry Project Number: 179
Lead Investigator: Yablon, S
Lead Center for Project: Methodist Rehabilitation Center
Collaborating Investigators: Sherer, M, Nick, T, Ivanhoe, C, Fellus, J
Collaborating Institutions: The Institute for Rehabilitation and Research, Kessler Medical Rehabilitation Research and Education Corporation
Keywords: charges, costs, length of stay, level of care, therapy, rehabilitation, outcome, prediction
Date of Completion: 07/01/2001
Type: National
Status of Project: Latest Information Shown

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